1 Samuel Chapter 20

JESUS today YOU will SAVE me.

Eat This Book

Read Proverbs Chapter 23

1 Samuel 20

1 And David fled from Naioth in Ramah, and came and said before Jonathan, What have I done? what is mine iniquity? and what is my sin before thy father, that he seeketh my life?

2 And he said unto him, God forbid; thou shalt not die: behold, my father will do nothing either great or small, but that he will shew it me: and why should my father hide this thing from me? it is not so.

3 And David sware moreover, and said, Thy father certainly knoweth that I have found grace in thine eyes; and he saith, Let not Jonathan know this, lest he be grieved: but truly as the Lord liveth, and as thy soul liveth, there is but a step between me and death.

4 Then said Jonathan unto David, Whatsoever thy soul desireth, I will even do it for thee.

5 And David said unto Jonathan, Behold, to morrow is the new moon, and I should not fail to sit with the king at meat: but let me go, that I may hide myself in the field unto the third day at even.

6 If thy father at all miss me, then say, David earnestly asked leave of me that he might run to Bethlehem his city: for there is a yearly sacrifice there for all the family.

7 If he say thus, It is well; thy servant shall have peace: but if he be very wroth, then be sure that evil is determined by him.

8 Therefore thou shalt deal kindly with thy servant; for thou hast brought thy servant into a covenant of the Lord with thee: notwithstanding, if there be in me iniquity, slay me thyself; for why shouldest thou bring me to thy father?

9 And Jonathan said, Far be it from thee: for if I knew certainly that evil were determined by my father to come upon thee, then would not I tell it thee?

10 Then said David to Jonathan, Who shall tell me? or what if thy father answer thee roughly?

11 And Jonathan said unto David, Come, and let us go out into the field. And they went out both of them into the field.

12 And Jonathan said unto David, O Lord God of Israel, when I have sounded my father about to morrow any time, or the third day, and, behold, if there be good toward David, and I then send not unto thee, and shew it thee;

13 The Lord do so and much more to Jonathan: but if it please my father to do thee evil, then I will shew it thee, and send thee away, that thou mayest go in peace: and the Lord be with thee, as he hath been with my father.

14 And thou shalt not only while yet I live shew me the kindness of the Lord, that I die not:

15 But also thou shalt not cut off thy kindness from my house for ever: no, not when the Lord hath cut off the enemies of David every one from the face of the earth.

16 So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David, saying, Let the Lord even require it at the hand of David’s enemies.

17 And Jonathan caused David to swear again, because he loved him: for he loved him as he loved his own soul.

18 Then Jonathan said to David, To morrow is the new moon: and thou shalt be missed, because thy seat will be empty.

19 And when thou hast stayed three days, then thou shalt go down quickly, and come to the place where thou didst hide thyself when the business was in hand, and shalt remain by the stone Ezel.

20 And I will shoot three arrows on the side thereof, as though I shot at a mark.

21 And, behold, I will send a lad, saying, Go, find out the arrows. If I expressly say unto the lad, Behold, the arrows are on this side of thee, take them; then come thou: for there is peace to thee, and no hurt; as the Lord liveth.

22 But if I say thus unto the young man, Behold, the arrows are beyond thee; go thy way: for the Lord hath sent thee away.

23 And as touching the matter which thou and I have spoken of, behold, the Lord be between thee and me for ever.

24 So David hid himself in the field: and when the new moon was come, the king sat him down to eat meat.

25 And the king sat upon his seat, as at other times, even upon a seat by the wall: and Jonathan arose, and Abner sat by Saul’s side, and David’s place was empty.

26 Nevertheless Saul spake not any thing that day: for he thought, Something hath befallen him, he is not clean; surely he is not clean.

27 And it came to pass on the morrow, which was the second day of the month, that David’s place was empty: and Saul said unto Jonathan his son, Wherefore cometh not the son of Jesse to meat, neither yesterday, nor to day?

28 And Jonathan answered Saul, David earnestly asked leave of me to go to Bethlehem:

29 And he said, Let me go, I pray thee; for our family hath a sacrifice in the city; and my brother, he hath commanded me to be there: and now, if I have found favour in thine eyes, let me get away, I pray thee, and see my brethren. Therefore he cometh not unto the king’s table.

30 Then Saul’s anger was kindled against Jonathan, and he said unto him, Thou son of the perverse rebellious woman, do not I know that thou hast chosen the son of Jesse to thine own confusion, and unto the confusion of thy mother’s nakedness?

31 For as long as the son of Jesse liveth upon the ground, thou shalt not be established, nor thy kingdom. Wherefore now send and fetch him unto me, for he shall surely die.

32 And Jonathan answered Saul his father, and said unto him, Wherefore shall he be slain? what hath he done?

33 And Saul cast a javelin at him to smite him: whereby Jonathan knew that it was determined of his father to slay David.

34 So Jonathan arose from the table in fierce anger, and did eat no meat the second day of the month: for he was grieved for David, because his father had done him shame.

35 And it came to pass in the morning, that Jonathan went out into the field at the time appointed with David, and a little lad with him.

36 And he said unto his lad, Run, find out now the arrows which I shoot. And as the lad ran, he shot an arrow beyond him.

37 And when the lad was come to the place of the arrow which Jonathan had shot, Jonathan cried after the lad, and said, Is not the arrow beyond thee?

38 And Jonathan cried after the lad, Make speed, haste, stay not. And Jonathan’s lad gathered up the arrows, and came to his master.

39 But the lad knew not any thing: only Jonathan and David knew the matter.

40 And Jonathan gave his artillery unto his lad, and said unto him, Go, carry them to the city.

41 And as soon as the lad was gone, David arose out of a place toward the south, and fell on his face to the ground, and bowed himself three times: and they kissed one another, and wept one with another, until David exceeded.

42 And Jonathan said to David, Go in peace, forasmuch as we have sworn both of us in the name of the Lord, saying, The Lord be between me and thee, and between my seed and thy seed for ever. And he arose and departed: and Jonathan went into the city.

35 thoughts on “1 Samuel Chapter 20

  1. soon as the lad was gone, David arose out of a place toward the south, and fell on his face to the ground, and bowed himself three times: and they kissed one another, and wept one with another, until David exceeded.

  2. This chapter in the MSG is captioned “A Covenant Friendship in God’s Name”. Verse 42 MSG describes this bond “Jonathan said, “Go in peace! The two of us have vowed friendship in God’s name, saying, ‘God will be the bond between me and you, and between my children and your children forever!’” We (POFW/the body of Christ) need this bond to bring us together in unity and shared vision for our church. The enemy is out to destroy this unity/bond; but, in Jesus name this bond will only get stronger if we bind together in prayer and lift our brother up as Jonathan did (the end of verse 17 says “…..He loved David more than his own soul”) David.

  3. 31. For as long as the son of Jesse liveth upon the ground, thou shalt not be established, nor thy kingdom. Wherefore now send and fetch him unto me, for he shall surely die.

    32. And Jonathan answered Saul his father, and said unto him, Wherefore shall he be slain? what hath he done?

    Jonathan asked the question that Saul had just answered…as long as David was alive, Jonathan (Saul’s lineage) would never be king, so David must die. What he hadn’t realized was that killing David would not undo his rejection by God.

    1 Samuel 15:
    26. And Samuel said unto Saul, I will not return with thee: for thou hast rejected the word of the Lord, and the Lord hath rejected thee from being king over Israel.

    28. And Samuel said unto him, The Lord hath rent the kingdom of Israel from thee this day, and hath given it to a neighbour of thine, that is better than thou.

  4. 17 And Jonathan caused David to swear again, because he loved him: for he loved him as he loved his own soul.

    Wow…do we truly love our brethrens like this? Were all the body of Christ and need one another no matter what….we can’t do things without one another. We must love and take care of one another just how we care and love for our own body. When we are weak we pray and take care of ourselves because we don’t want to be sick because we can’t do things we usually do when were healthy. Just like that we have to take care of one another, pray for one another, rejoice with one another, comfort one another, bring them closer to Jesus, and be that friend that they know they can count on. Let’s love one another and pray for unity so that the body can be strong and not let the devil destroy part of the body. We are victorious.. If the Lord is with us who shall stand against us!

  5. iLove to Grow in the Word

    1 Samuel 20:14-16 NLT And may you treat me with the faithful love of the LORD as long as I live. But if I die, (15) treat my family with this faithful love, even when the LORD destroys all your enemies from the face of the earth.” (16) So Jonathan made a solemn pact with David, saying, “May the LORD destroy all your enemies!”

    Jonathan knew that David would soon become king but was humble enough to follow the will of God. Thank You Lord for great examples in the Word of God.

  6. Can love survive when surrounded by hate?

    Jonathan and David were friends. Saul hated David because Jonathan would never inherit his birthright to be king as long as David was alive and fulfilled Samuel’s prophesy. So, in this explosive environment can people not only remain friends but develop a deeper friendship?

    The scriptures provide the answer; yes. How and why is the true question?

    I believe it is the lack of attention and love from Saul towards Jonathan that fostered a deeper friendship between Jonathan and David. As parents we need to be careful not to produce a similar environment in our home with our children. If a child develops a friendship with someone that we believe to be an unhealthy relationship, we have to be careful how we respond. If we pursue the destruction of this relationship we might push our child further into the relationship rather than removing them from it.

  7. 33 And Saul cast a javelin at him to smite him: whereby Jonathan knew that it was determined of his father to slay David.

  8. 1 Samuel 20:41-42 (NLT)
    41) As soon as the boy was gone, David came out from where he had been hiding near the stone pile. Then David bowed three times to Jonathan with his face to the ground. Both of them were in tears as they embraced each other and said good-bye, especially David.
    42) At last Jonathan said to David, “Go in peace, for we have swarn loyalty to each other in the LORD’s name. The LORD is the witness of a bond between us and our children forever.” Then David left, and Jonathan returned to the town.

    These verses made me reflect back to the time when I had to tell my friends in Illinois good-bye. It’s not easy saying good-bye to your best friends whom you love, not knowing if you will ever get to see them again.
    These scriptures also reminded me of a chorus to a song one of my friends used to sing. “Friends”
    And friends are friends forever
    if the Lord’s the Lord of them
    And a friend will not say never
    Cause the welcome will not end
    Though it’s hard to let you go
    in the Father’s hands we know
    That a lifetime’s not to long
    to live as friends.

  9. 30 Then Saul’s anger was kindled against Jonathan, and he said unto him, Thou son of the perverse rebellious woman, do not I know that thou hast chosen the son of Jesse to thine own confusion, and unto the confusion of thy mother’s nakedness?

    31 For as long as the son of Jesse liveth upon the ground, thou shalt not be established, nor thy kingdom. Wherefore now send and fetch him unto me, for he shall surely die.

    The word confusion in verse 30 means shame. Saul became angry and yelled at his son claiming that it was a shame to Jonathan and his mother for him to protect David. When actually it was saul and his shame propelling him to take David’s life. There was no undoing Saul losing the favor of God but Saul was going to try. He thought if he could kill the next person God chose then God would have no choice but to keep his family in the kingdom. But God will always have someone else and we can’t force Gods hand.

  10. 16 So Jonathan made a solemn pact with David, saying, “May the Lord destroy all your enemies!” (NLT)

    What a beautiful example of friendship. We too should share such a brotherly love for one another and encourage one another to grow in Christ. A true friend will encourage your relationship with God. Anything or anyone that draws you away, even in the slightest sense, is not on your side – or God’s for that matter.

  11. 31 For as long as the son of Jesse liveth upon the ground, thou shalt not be established, nor thy kingdom. Wherefore now send and fetch him unto me, for he shall surely die.

    32 And Jonathan answered Saul his father, and said unto him, Wherefore shall he be slain? what hath he done?

    33 And Saul cast a javelin at him to smite him: whereby Jonathan knew that it was determined of his father to slay David.

    Jonathan had very pure and sincere love for David so much in fact that even though he new David would take his place as king he was still willing to help him. Jonathan knew in his heart that there was no good reason for Saul’s hatred of David therefore he did everything in his power to help David. What a great heart and an unselfish person who was more worried about an innocent man that God had called then he was about being the next king.

  12. GROW TRUST

    18 Then Jonathan said to David, To morrow is the new moon: and thou shalt be missed, because thy seat will be empty.
    19 And when thou hast stayed three days, then thou shalt go down quickly, and come to the place where thou didst hide thyself when the business was in hand, and shalt remain by the stone Ezel.
    20 And I will shoot three arrows on the side thereof, as though I shot at a mark.
    21 And, behold, I will send a lad, saying, Go, find out the arrows. If I expressly say unto the lad, Behold, the arrows are on this side of thee, take them; then come thou: for there is peace to thee, and no hurt; as the Lord liveth.
    22 But if I say thus unto the young man, Behold, the arrows are beyond thee; go thy way: for the Lord hath sent thee away.
    23 And as touching the matter which thou and I have spoken of, behold, the Lord be between thee and me for ever.
    24 So David hid himself in the field: and when the new moon was come, the king sat him down to eat meat.

    In times of distress and duress, we need a FRIEND. That is what David experienced with Jonathan. A FRIEND loveth at all times. Consider the opportunity David the VICTOR, the LEADER, the SERVANT, the WORSHIPPER to hide and isolate himself from everyone. However David chose to GROW TRUST in Jonathan.

    Together they formed a plan of communication to which Jonathan could have easily betrayed David, choosing loyalty to his earthly father rather than his heavenly father. Jonathan recognized the error of his father and chose to assist in saving the life of his friend.

    David found himself alone with GOD, only relying on the TRUST he had in the honesty of Jonathan. We should choose our friends wisely and give ourselves opportunity to GROW TRUST. There will come a day that we need someone to TRUST.

    iRepent
    iPraise
    iPray
    iWork
    iGive
    iReap

  13. David and Jonathan’s covenant with the Lord was valued by Jonathan more than his relationship with his father Saul.

    Sometimes our covenant with God separates us from those we love. It’s not that we don’t love them, it’s just we value our relationship with the Lord, His Word and ways.

    When Jesus chose His disciples he said leave father and mother and follow me.

  14. 17 And Jonathan caused David to swear again, because he loved him: for he loved him as he loved his own soul.
    We are the body of christ, each and everyone of us plays a certain part in the Body. The body of christ is represented as the church, we need to have unity with one other, lift each other up, praying for one other love everyone as Jesus loves us.

  15. 42 And Jonathan said to David, Go in peace, forasmuch as we have sworn both of us in the name of the Lord, saying, The Lord be between me and thee, and between my seed and thy seed for ever. And he arose and departed: and Jonathan went into the city.

    Jonathan had faith in David that everything was going to be fine. They had bonded which is hard now a days to trust a friend and be willing to die for them. It’s deep respect they have for each other and they have faith in the Lord. It was hard for them to go separate ways but due to the circumstances they were forced to go their own way. Their wishes are that the Lord be between them both forever. They gave their friendship to God because he’s in control and made him first in their lives. Trusting in God was not hard for them because they had faith.

  16. daivd put his Trust and Jonathan what a powerful friendship
    That same for us with we should trust the lord for anything. That comes our way

  17. And as soon as the lad was gone, David arose out of a place toward the south, and fell on his face to the ground, and bowed himself three times: and they kissed one another, and wept one with another, until David exceeded. And Jonathan said to David, Go in peace, forasmuch as we have sworn both of us in the name of the Lord , saying, The Lord be between me and thee, and between my seed and thy seed for ever. And he arose and departed: and Jonathan went into the city.
    1 Samuel 20:41‭-‬42

    A true friends love. Greater love hath no man than this, that a man would lay down his life for a friend. We need friends in our lives. Thank you Jesus for the wealth of friends that I consider.

  18. 31 For as long as the son of Jesse liveth upon the ground, thou shalt not be established, nor thy kingdom. Wherefore now send and fetch him unto me, for he shall surely die.

    32 And Jonathan answered Saul his father, and said unto him, Wherefore shall he be slain? what hath he done?

  19. .

    41 And as soon as the lad was gone, David arose out of a place toward the south, and fell on his face to the ground, and bowed himself three times: and they kissed one another, and wept one with another, until David exceeded.

    42 And Jonathan said to David, Go in peace, forasmuch as we have sworn both of us in the name of the Lord, saying, The Lord be between me and thee, and between my seed and thy seed for ever. And he arose and departed: and Jonathan went into the city.

    This to me is the illustration of the type of Love that the Lord commands of us. “…and love thy neighnoor as thyslef..” and another example of the described by Jesus, “Greater love hath no man than this, that a man would lay down his life for a friend.”

  20. 31 For as long as the son of Jesse liveth upon the ground, thou shalt not be established, nor thy kingdom. Wherefore now send and fetch him unto me, for he shall surely die.

    Even though Jonathan knew he had the opportunity to become king, he refused because he had the fear of GOD!!! WHEN you have the great of GOD, you will go against all odds to see GODS’ WILL be done!!!

  21. And Saul cast a javelin at him to smite him: whereby Jonathan knew that it was determined of his father to slay David.

    34 So Jonathan arose from the table in fierce anger, and did eat no meat the second day of the month: for he was grieved for David, because his father had done him shame.

    why was Saul so rude and evil to his son its because he knew that his son had what he wanted and also the ones that dont have GOD are greedy or stingy because they havent reached jesus we have so that’s why we try to reach out to get people to church and the ones that do have the presents of GOD so were not greedy stingy.

  22. 1 Samuel 20:42 (KJV Strong’s)
    42 And Jonathan said to David, Go in peace, forasmuch as we have sworn both of us in the name of the Lord, saying, The Lord be between me and thee, and between my seed and thy seed for ever. And he arose and departed: and Jonathan went into the city.

    Transition can be confusing with the wrong perspective. Here we see that David was now forced to run for his life. Little did he know that the next years would be the trials, and challenges he would need to be prepared to take the throne after King Saul.

    The word reminds us that all things work together for good to those who love God and are the called according to his purpose.

    It says that his ways are above our ways and his thoughts are above our thoughts.

    If we aren’t careful we can’t miss the miracle by complaining in the hard times, and running from the trials.

    Zechariah 13:9 (KJV Strong’s)

    9 And I will bring the third part through the fire,
    and will refine them as silver is refined,
    and will try them as gold is tried:
    they shall call on my name, and I will hear them:
    I will say, It is my people:
    and they shall say, The Lord is my God.

  23. 9 And Jonathan said, Far be it from thee: for if I knew certainly that evil were determined by my father to come upon thee, then would not I tell it thee?

    Many of us would like to believe that we would tell someone we love that someone else is trying to kill them, but do we? Who was the last person you shared Jesus with?

  24. “If he say thus, It is well; thy servant shall have peace: but if he be very wroth, then be sure that evil is determined by him.” The word of God (Jesus) revealed a test. Deception will always try to conceal a matter; however the truth will always be revealed, with time. Dear God, bless us with leaders that fear and will obey you, in Jesus name. God Bless America, Israel, Jerusalem, and you all in Jesus name, Amen!

  25. “And Saul cast a javelin at him to smite him: whereby Jonathan knew that it was determined of his father to slay David.” The hatred Saul had for David was stronger than the love for his own son; whereas the opposite is true of the Lord, for his love of souls was proven with his sacrifice. God help us to be like you and never like Saul, in Jesus name.

  26. It would seem an unlikely friendship for Jonathan and David. Verse 17 says that Jonathan loved David as “he loved himself.” David is a lowly Shepard and Jonathan is an heir to the throne of Israel who stands in the way of him becoming king. Instead of claiming his rightful place he humbly confirms David’s kingship (1 Sam 23:17).

  27. 41 And as soon as the lad was gone, David arose out of a place toward the south, and fell on his face to the ground, and bowed himself three times: and they kissed one another, and wept one with another, until David exceeded.

  28. 41 And as soon as the lad was gone, David arose out of a place toward the south, and fell on his face to the ground, and bowed himself three times: and they kissed one another, until David.

    I like to think that a good friend be someone that like marriage. It’s is like making a bond before God. During pain and struggle friend are expected to be there thru thick. He’ll pray for you.

  29. 40 And Jonathan gave his artillery unto his lad, and said unto him, Go, carry them to the city.

    41 And as soon as the lad was gone, David arose out of a place toward the south, and fell on his face to the ground, and bowed himself three times: and they kissed one another, and wept one with another, until David exceeded.

    42 And Jonathan said to David, Go in peace, forasmuch as we have sworn both of us in the name of the Lord, saying, The Lord be between me and thee, and between my seed and thy seed for ever. And he arose and departed: and Jonathan went into the city.

    This day and age its hard to find a person you can have a great relationship with, when their greived, your greived, when they hurt, you hurt, when their broken at the alter, your crying with them, praying for them, whens the last time ive done that? Its been awhile, honestly. We all have potential to love one another the way that David And Johnathan loved one another, they were best freinds, and that freindship was one blessed by God! I long for a freind like that! God is awesome, he knows what we need and when we need it!

  30. 16 So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David, saying, Let the Lord even require it at the hand of David’s enemies.

    17 And Jonathan caused David to swear again, because he loved him: for he loved him as he loved his own soul.

    Jonathan’s love for David went beyond friendship. They became brothers in the sight of GOD. Jonathan knew what was at stake and refused to follow in the footsteps of his father on earth. I believe that Jonathan was given an ear to hear GOD. David did leave when Jonathan notified him of Saul’s intentions. Jonathan would have given his life for David. That is what GOD would expect from me; lay down my life for my brothers and sisters. To protect one another from harm; GOD knows who will stand and fight for what we believe in. HE also knows who will turn away and cower from the truth; where is my heart at? Will I stand and fight for the truth or run and cower with the world. Jonathan almost lost his life because of his beliefs; What will I do for GOD?

    Thank you Jesus…….Amen!!!

  31. “”Please be kind to me. You have made a covenant with me in the sight of the Lord. If I’m guilty, kill me yourself! Don’t hand me over to your father!” “I would never do that!” Jonathan said. “Suppose I had even the smallest clue that my father had made up his mind to harm you. Then I would tell you.” David asked, “Who will tell me if your father answers you in a mean way?” “Come on,” Jonathan said. “Let’s go out to the field.” So they went there together. Then Jonathan spoke to David. He said, “I promise you that I’ll find out what my father is planning to do. I’ll find out by this time the day after tomorrow. The Lord, the God of Israel, is my witness. Suppose my father feels kind toward you. Then I’ll send you a message and let you know. But suppose he wants to harm you. And I don’t let you know about it. I don’t help you get away safely. Then may the Lord punish me greatly. May he be with you, just as he has been with my father. “But always be kind to me, just as the Lord is. Be kind to me as long as I live. Then I won’t be killed. And never stop being kind to my family. Don’t stop even when the Lord has cut off every one of your enemies from the face of the earth.” So Jonathan made a covenant with David and his family. He said, “May the Lord make David’s enemies accountable for what they’ve done.” Jonathan had David take an oath again because he loved him. In fact, Jonathan loved David just as he loved himself.”
    ‭‭1 Samuel‬ ‭20:8-17‬ ‭NIRV‬‬

    What a beautiful friendship. Jonathan had no reservations against David. He truly loved him as he loved himself. 

  32. 1 David now fled from Naioth in Ramah and found Jonathan. “What have I done?” he exclaimed. “What is my crime? How have I offended your father that he is so determined to kill me?”

    The innocent always ask, “what have I done” when someone attacks them. Only the guilty in their mind will justify their criminal actions. We must always pray that God keeps his protection around us.

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